The first long-distance railway in German ran between Leipzig and Dresden. The line was opened in 1839 and came about as the result of the private initiative and private capital of the citizens of Leipzig.
In the second half of the 19th century, with the founding of new companies and the extension of the transport network, Leipzig became the forerunner of industrialisation in Germany. The industrial architecture of the Gründerzeit (the period of rapid industrial expansion at the end of the 19th century), particularly in the western part of the city, has become one of the attractions of Leipzig today.
Even today, drive and the entrepreneurial spirit are fertile soil for well-known companies like Porsche, BMW, DHL and Amazon who are making major investments and moving into the city. Since the "Wende" of 1989, a total of around 25 billion Euros has been invested in Leipzig.